ViroBlast Home Page
Basic Search - using default BLAST parameter settings

Enter query sequences here in Fasta format

Or upload sequence fasta file:

Program     Database(s)

And/or upload sequence fasta file:


Advanced Search - setting your favorite parameters below



If you use Thinopyrum elongatum (D-3458) genome, transcripts, gene and protein sequences, please cite:
441 Wang H, Sun S, Ge W, Zhao L, Hou B, Wang K, Lyu Z, Chen L, Xu S, Guo J, Li M, Su P, Li X, Wang G, Bo C, Fang X, Zhuang W, Cheng X, Wu J, Dong L, Chen W, Li W, Xiao G, Zhao J, Hao Y, Xu Y, Gao Y, Liu W, Liu Y, Yin H, Li J, Li X, Zhao Y, Wang X, Ni F, Ma X, Li A, Xu SS, Bai G, Nevo E, Gao C, Ohm H, Kong L (2020)Horizontal gene transfer of Fhb7 from fungus underlies Fusarium head blight resistance in wheat. Science:eaba5435
doi: 10.1126/science.aba5435

If you use wild emmer genome, transcripts, gene and protein sequences, please cite:
Avni, R., Nave, M., Barad, O., Baruch, K., Twardziok, S.O., Gundlach, H., et al. (2017). Wild emmer genome architecture and diversity elucidate wheat evolution and domestication. Science 357(6346), 93-97.
doi: 10.1126/science.aan0032

If you use Zang1817 genome, transcripts, gene and protein sequences, please cite:
Weilong Guo*, Mingming Xin*, Zihao Wang*, Yingyin Yao, Zhaorong Hu, Wanjun Song, Kuohai Yu, Yongming Chen, Xiaobo Wang, Panfeng Guan, Rudi Appels, Huiru Peng#, Zhongfu Ni#, Qixin Sun#. (2020). Origin and adaptation to high altitude of Tibetan semi-wild wheat. Nature Communications 11.

If you use genome sequence of Chinese Spring (Triticum_4.0), please cite:
Michael Alonge, Alaina Shumate, Daniela Puiu, Aleksey Zimin, Steven L. Salzberg. Chromosome-scale assembly of the bread wheat genome, Triticum aestivum, reveals over 5700 new genes. bioRxiv 2020.04.06.028746; doi:

If you use TGACv1 sequences, please cite:
Clavijo, B.J., Venturini, L., Schudoma, C., Accinelli, G.G., Kaithakottil, G., Wright, J., et al. (2017). An improved assembly and annotation of the allohexaploid wheat genome identifies complete families of agronomic genes and provides genomic evidence for chromosomal translocations. Genome Res 27(5), 885-896.
doi: 10.1101/gr.217117.116

If you use qingke genome, transcripts, gene and protein sequences, please cite:
Dai, F., Wang, X., Zhang, X.Q., Chen, Z., Nevo, E., Jin, G., et al. (2018). Assembly and analysis of a qingke reference genome demonstrate its close genetic relation to modern cultivated barley. Plant Biotechnol J 16(3), 760-770.
doi: 10.1111/pbi.12826

If you use Chinese Spring genome, transcripts, gene and protein sequences(labeling with IWGSC), please cite:
International Wheat Genome Sequencing, C., investigators, I.R.p., Appels, R., Eversole, K., Feuillet, C., Keller, B., et al. (2018). Shifting the limits in wheat research and breeding using a fully annotated reference genome. Science 361(6403).
doi: 10.1126/science.aar7191

If you use Triticum urartu genome, transcripts, gene and protein sequences, please cite:
Ling, H.Q., Ma, B., Shi, X., Liu, H., Dong, L., Sun, H., et al. (2018). Genome sequence of the progenitor of wheat A subgenome Triticum urartu. Nature 557(7705), 424-428.
doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0108-0

If you use TGACv2 sequences, please cite:
Lu, F.H., McKenzie, N., Kettleborough, G., Heavens, D., Clark, M.D., and Bevan, M.W. (2018). Independent assessment and improvement of wheat genome sequence assemblies using Fosill jumping libraries. Gigascience 7(5).
doi: 10.1093/gigascience/giy053

If you use Aegilops tauschii genome, transcripts, gene and protein sequences(labeling with Luo), please cite:
Luo, M.C., Gu, Y.Q., Puiu, D., Wang, H., Twardziok, S.O., Deal, K.R., et al. (2017). Genome sequence of the progenitor of the wheat D genome Aegilops tauschii. Nature 551(7681), 498-502.
doi: 10.1038/nature24486

If you use Durum wheat genome, transcripts, gene and protein sequences, please cite:
Maccaferri, M., Harris, N.S., Twardziok, S.O., Pasam, R.K., Gundlach, H., Spannagl, M., et al. (2019). Durum wheat genome highlights past domestication signatures and future improvement targets. Nat Genet 51(5), 885-895.
doi: 10.1038/s41588-019-0381-3

If you use barley genome, transcripts, gene and protein sequences, please cite:
Mascher, M., Gundlach, H., Himmelbach, A., Beier, S., Twardziok, S.O., Wicker, T., et al. (2017). A chromosome conformation capture ordered sequence of the barley genome. Nature 544(7651), 427-433.
doi: 10.1038/nature22043

If you use barley genome of Golden Promise, please cite:
Schreiber M, Mascher M, Wright J, et al. A Genome Assembly of the Barley 'Transformation Reference' Cultivar Golden Promise [published online ahead of print, 2020 Apr 2]. G3 (Bethesda). 2020;g3.401010.2019.
doi: 10.1534/g3.119.401010

If you use Aegilops tauschii genome, transcripts, gene and protein sequences(labeling with Jia), please cite:
Zhao, G., Zou, C., Li, K., Wang, K., Li, T., Gao, L., et al. (2017). The Aegilops tauschii genome reveals multiple impacts of transposons. Nat Plants 3(12), 946-955.
doi: 10.1038/s41477-017-0067-8

If you use wild emmer genome V2, gene and protein sequences, please cite:
Zhu, T., Wang, L., Rodriguez, J.C., Deal, K.R., Avni, R., Distelfeld, A., et al. (2019). Improved Genome Sequence of Wild Emmer Wheat Zavitan with the Aid of Optical Maps. G3 (Bethesda) 9(3), 619-624.
doi: 10.1534/g3.118.200902

If you use pacbio sequence of Chinese Spring, please cite:
Zimin, A.V., Puiu, D., Hall, R., Kingan, S., Clavijo, B.J., and Salzberg, S.L. (2017). The first near-complete assembly of the hexaploid bread wheat genome, Triticum aestivum. Gigascience 6(11), 1-7.
doi: 10.1093/gigascience/gix097

If you use BaRTv1.0 transcripts, please cite:
Rapazote-Flores, P., Bayer, M., Milne, L. et al. BaRTv1.0: an improved barley reference transcript dataset to determine accur ate changes in the barley transcriptome using RNA-seq. BMC Genomics 20, 968 (2019) doi:10.1186/s12864-019-6243-7

If you use genomics sequence of Cadenza_EIv1.1, Claire_EIv1.1, Paragon_EIv1.1,Robigus_EIv1.1 and Kronos_EIv1.1, please cite:

If you use 10+ genome sequences, please cite:
Walkowiak, S., Gao, L., Monat, C. et al. Multiple wheat genomes reveal global variation in modern breeding. Nature (2020).